Relationship-tasks orientation and Management theory. Leadership and management. Leadership Theory. In authoritarian leadership style, the leaders maintain strong control over all aspects of the group and its activities, provide directions by giving others that the group are expected to carry out without questions (catalano 2006).
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This essay presents several management theories and ideas which can be seen in the Vascellaro article. They include Fayol’s four managerial functions, some ideas about levels of management, Mintzberg’s managerial roles, and challenges for management in the general and global environments, especially achieving a competitive advantage.
Classical Management Theory Early Management Theories Early Theories of Organizations emerged mainly for military and Catholic Church. The metaphor of the machine was dominant, where organizations are viewed as machines. Therefore, the organizational application was, since workers behave predictably.
This essay discusses briefly two contemporary theories of organisational motivation i.e., Fredrick Herzberg's 'Two Factor Theory' and John Stacey Adams' 'Equity Theory' before going on to compare and contrast them. The second part of the essay outlines ways in which these theories maybe used by managers to motivate their staff.
The IB is all about critical thinking.You will never score top marks unless you see beyond a problem. Learning theories by hard will lead you nowhere. It is very common to see essay questions, both in Paper 1 and 2, based on the topic of Human Resources. How should you approach them? a) Read the case study and analyse the relationship between the employer and the employee.
This actually brings us back to the main question about the validity of the idea that suggests that leadership is all about introducing changes and challenging people’s vision of the future. An effective leader would surely be able to find a workaround on how to introduce innovations without having to make dramatic changes or even go to as far as challenge the people’s vision of the future.